Muscle spasms, muscle cramps, and muscle weakness are all common muscle strain symptoms. Several activities can cause this pain. For example, overuse of a muscle or encounter an accident, such as a fall. Luckily, treatment for muscle strains is easy to manage at home, and some work-outs might help you relax. In fact, some people use specific exercises to speed up their recovery.
What are Muscle Strains?
A muscle strain, also called a pulled muscle, is an injured muscle or tendon. These are fibrous tissue that associates muscles to bones. Small injuries may just overstretch a tendon or muscle. In contrast, more serious injuries may include halfway or total tears in these tissues. Also, strained muscles usually occur in the lower back and at the back of the thigh muscles.
A strain and a sprain distinction is that a strain includes an injury to a muscle or muscle fibers that join a muscle to a bone. On the other hand, a sprain harms the muscle fibers that interface two bones together.
Pulled Muscle Symptoms
You will typically experience a muscle strain as it occurs. Symptoms of a pulled muscle include:
- a “knotted-up” feeling
- muscle spasms
- sudden onset of pain
- restricted scope of movement
- discoloration or bruising
A strained muscle may feel slightly stiff in a mild tear yet adaptable enough for use. A severe muscle strain is when the muscle is seriously torn. This results in pain and exceptionally restricted movement.
The symptoms of gentle to moderate muscle strains typically disappear within a few weeks. More serious strains may require a long time to recuperate.
Once a doctor finds out that you have a muscle strain, they will play out a physical assessment and get some information about your medical history. Also, they may arrange imaging examinations, such as x-rays, to ensure that the bone has not broken.
A doctor will typically assign the injury as a grade 1, 2, or 3 strain as a diagnosis component. The first level of muscle strain is minor and should recover rapidly, while a grade 3 level of pain is an extreme muscle tear.
Treatment for Muscle Strains
Most muscle strains can be effectively addressed at home. A minor pulled muscle can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation or, in short, with the RICE method.
Try not to use your affected muscle for a couple of days, mainly if development causes expansion in pain. However, too much rest can result in muscle weakness. This can draw out the healing process. Following two days, gradually start using the injured area, and keep in mind not to overdo it.
Apply ice right after getting muscle injuries. This will reduce swelling and pain. Remember not to put ice straightforwardly on your skin. Instead, use an ice pack or enclose ice with a towel. Retain the ice on the affected area for around 20 minutes. Then, repeat each hour right from the start. It would be best that for the next few days, you apply ice at regular intervals.
This technique may be able to help reduce pain and swelling. To do this properly, wrap the affected pulled muscle with an elastic dressing until swelling descends. Also, be mindful so as not to cover the area too firmly. Doing as such can limit your blood flow.
As long as possible, keep the pulled muscle raised over the level of your heart. Other medical advice incorporates the following:
- Take over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For example, ibuprofen will help keep swelling and pain down. Additionally, acetaminophen can help with the pain.
- Following three days, use heat to the influenced site a few times each day. This will help improve blood flow to promote healing.
- Avoid resting your muscle for a really long time. This can cause stiffness, pain, and weakness. Instead, start to stretch your muscle lightly as soon as possible. Gradually increase your level of activity.
- Ensure to warm up and stretch before exercising when you recover to ordinary action. This will help improve blood circulation to your muscles and reduce your danger of injury.
- Keep in mind and make a push to remain in shape. You are more averse to foster a strain if your muscles are healthy and strong.
If you have an extreme muscle strain, you may require medical care. Your doctor may recommend physical therapy to address your condition.
The span of healing after a muscle strain will rely upon the severity of the injury. Most soft tissue injuries require half a month to recover, but severe cases may take much longer.
Attempting to get back to typical activities too early can bring on additional injury, so consistently adhere to a doctor’s guidelines and start gently. If an injury needs surgery, the healing period will rely upon the nature of the procedure.
Individuals might avoid muscle strains by warming up the muscles before doing physical work and by trying not to overstretch the muscles.
Following the direction below may help avoid muscle strains:
- Walk at a moderate speed for three to five minutes before doing any physical activities.
- Lift heavy items with care and consistently use the proper procedure.
- Stick to a healthy diet and workout program to keep a healthy weight. Overabundance weight can put extra tension on the muscles, making muscle strains more likely to occur.
- Use shoes that fit correctly and are in good condition.
May 10, 2020. How to Treat a Pulled Muscle.
Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (RICE).